Should civil disobedience be violent or action is typified by a comprehensive objective to bring about a regime change. A pluralistic communicative system, which gives weight to considerations of mercy as well as retribution or desert, would only punish to the extent that the punishment was justified not to the extent that it was deserved since mercy toward the offender might recommend punishing her less than she deserves according to justice.
When that happens the aims and objectives and often very good arguments get completely lost and the public, whose support is essential for change, tend to side with the status quo.
But, as the above points have indicated, the justifiability of an act of civil disobedience depends greatly on its specific features.
But that is different than the notion that they must go to jail as part of a rule connected with civil disobedience. This would lessen the severity of any justified response from the law.
For example, Joseph Haas was arrested for allegedly sending an email to the Lebanon, New Hampshirecity councillors stating, "Wise up or die. Instead of diminishing evil, it multiplies it … Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that.
Smith or a decision by prosecutors not to proceed to trial, or a decision by a jury or by a judge to acquit an obviously guilty person. It applies, second, to the actions of prosecutors when deciding whether to proceed to trial.
Although questions of justification will be addressed more fully in the next section, it is worth noting here one point in favour of civil disobedience over legal protest.
The use of violence leads to innocent people getting involved in violent acts: John Locke also saw government as a means for preserving human lives as well as liberties and properties.
All of these factors bear on the appropriateness of a given action and the manner in which it is performed, and thus determine to what extent the reasons that support it provide a justification.
A person may have reasons for engaging in one form of disobedience, but choose to engage in another form that is not supported by these reasons. Law is there to serve justice based on truth.
Therefore all such violations, justified and unjustified, should be treated the same.
Choice of plea[ edit ] An important decision for civil disobedients is whether or not to plead guilty. There are at least three possible replies. Some of the wide range of issues, conflicts, and geographic locations for civil disobedience campaigns of recent years will be indicated, followed by a brief account of civil disobedience campaigns in the United Statesespecially those for racial equality.
If civil disobedience becomes an accepted form of lobbying for a law change, does the law not become useless.
Deterrence theories are criticised for treating people as brutes not rational agents capable of responding to moral reasons because the deterrent element of punishment gives people a prudential reason relating to the prospect of punishmentnot a moral reason, to refrain from breaching the law.
Therefore the usual claims by a victor that she has a mandate to do this or that are nonsense. It has been said by those representing the no position that it is possible to correct injustices through normal channels of political conduct. If a thousand men were not to pay their tax bills this year, that would not be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood.
He lived in a stormy age and was pessimistic about the prospects for civil peace, which he saw as the first prerequisite for the enjoyment of rights:. The UNC protesters who brought down Silent Sam should have quietly worked with the powers-that-be, those powers argued this week.
Anything else was “mob rule” leading to “violent riots. Mar 07, · Civil disobedience means breaking a law believed to be immoral and unjust. Like Thoreau, I believe civil disobedience can be justified and it. Civil disobedience would be fully justifable now in the UK in favour of a more democratic voting system that resulted in more representative Parliaments and allowed us to choose between candidates of different views in the same party.
Once that is achieved, civil disobedience should be less necessary and less justifiable for other causes. Non-violent civil disobedience is a peaceful refusal to comply with laws as a form of political protest; it has a long tradition within civil and human rights movements.
On the most widely accepted account of civil disobedience, famously defended by John Rawls (), civil disobedience is a public, non-violent and conscientious breach of law undertaken with the aim of bringing about a change in laws or government policies.
On the most widely accepted account of civil disobedience, famously defended by John Rawls (), civil disobedience is a public, non-violent and conscientious breach of law undertaken with the aim of bringing about a change in laws or government policies.Should civil disobedience be violent or